Winglet tips are promising candidates for future high-pressure turbine rotors. Many studies found that the design of the suction-side winglet is the key to the aerodynamic performance of a winglet tip, but there is no general agreement on the exact design philosophy. In this paper, a novel suction-side winglet design philosophy in a turbine cascade is introduced. The winglets are obtained based on the near-tip flow field of the datum tip geometry. The suction-side winglet aims to reduce the tip leakage flow particularly in the front part of the blade passage. It is found that on the casing endwall, the pressure increases in the area where the winglet is used. This reduces the tip leakage flow in the front part of the blade passage and the pitchwise pressure gradient on the endwall. As a result, the size of the tip leakage vortex reduces. A surprising observation is that the novel optimized winglet tip design eliminates the passage vortex and results in a further increasing of the efficiency. The tip leakage loss of the novel winglet tip is 18.1% lower than the datum cavity tip, with an increase of tip surface area by only 19.3%. The spanwise deflection of the winglet due to the centrifugal force is small. The tip heat load of the winglet tip is 17.5% higher than that of the cavity tip. Numerical simulation shows that in a turbine stage, this winglet tip increases the turbine stage efficiency by 0.9% mainly by eliminating the loss caused by the passage vortex at a tip gap size of 1.4% chord compared with a cavity tip.
A Novel Suction-Side Winglet Design Philosophy for High-Pressure Turbine Rotor Tips
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received June 27, 2016; final manuscript received May 15, 2017; published online July 19, 2017. Editor: Kenneth Hall.
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Zhou, C., and Zhong, F. (July 19, 2017). "A Novel Suction-Side Winglet Design Philosophy for High-Pressure Turbine Rotor Tips." ASME. J. Turbomach. November 2017; 139(11): 111002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037056
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