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The Effects of Layer-by-Layer Thickness and Fiber Volume Fraction Variation on the Mechanical Performance of a Pressure Vessel

[+] Author Affiliations
Emre Özaslan, Ali Yetgin, Volkan Coşkun, Bülent Acar, Tarık Olğar

Roketsan, Inc., Ankara, Turkey

Paper No. IMECE2018-86468, pp. V001T03A006; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2018-86468
From:
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5200-2
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

Due to high stiffness/weight ratio, composite materials are widely used in aerospace applications such as motor case of rockets which can be regarded as a pressure vessel. The most commonly used method to manufacture the pressure vessels is the wet filament winding. However, the mechanical performance of a filament wound pressure vessel directly depends on the manufacturing process, manufacturing site environmental condition and material properties of matrix and fiber. The designed ideal pressure vessel may not be manufactured because of the mentioned issues. Therefore, manufacturing of filament wound composite structures are based on manufacturing experience and experiment. In this study, the effect of layer-by-layer thickness and fiber volume fraction variation due to manufacturing process on the mechanical performance was investigated for filament wound pressure vessel with unequal dome openings. First, the finite element model was created for designed thickness dimensions and constant material properties for all layers. Then, the model was updated. The updated finite element model considered the layer-by-layer thickness and fiber volume fraction variation. Effects of the thickness and fiber volume fraction on the stress distribution along the motor axial direction were shown. Also hydrostatic pressurization test was performed to verify finite element analysis in terms of fiber direction strain through the motor case outer surface. Important aspects of analyzing a filament wound pressure vessel were addressed for designers.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

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