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Automated Design Optimization of a Small-Scale High-Swirl Cavity-Stabilized Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Alejandro M. Briones

University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, OH

David L. Burrus, Joshua P. Sykes

Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc., Dayton, OH

Brent A. Rankin, Andrew W. Caswell

Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

Paper No. GT2018-76900, pp. V04BT04A041; 14 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions
  • Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5106-7
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


A numerical optimization study is performed on a small-scale high-swirl cavity-stabilized combustor. A parametric geometry is created in CAD software that is coupled with meshing software. The latter automatically transfers meshes and boundary conditions to the solver, which is coupled with a post-processing tool. Steady, incompressible three-dimensional simulations are performed using a multi-phase Realizable k-ϵ Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) approach with the non-adiabatic flamelet progress variable (FPV). There are nine input parameters based on geometrical control variables. There are five output parameters, viz., pattern factor (PF), RMS of the profile factor deviation, averaged exit temperature, averaged exit swirl angle, and total pressure loss. An iterative design of experiments (DOE) with a recursive Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) is performed to filter the most important input parameters. The five major input parameters are found with Spearman’s order-rank correlation and R2 coefficient of determination. The five input parameters are used for the adaptive multiple objective (AMO) optimization. The AMO algorithm provided a candidate design point with the lowest weighted objective function. This design point was verified through CFD simulation. The combined filtering and optimization procedures improve the baseline design point in terms of pattern and profile factor. The former halved from that of the baseline design point whereas the latter turned from an outer peak to a center peak profile, closely mimicking an ideal profile. The exit swirl angle favorably increased 25%. The averaged exit temperature and the total pressure losses remained nearly unchanged from the baseline design point.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



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