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Flow Studies on a Single Stage Transonic Axial Flow Compressor Retrofitted With Circumferential Grooves and Varied Rotor-Stator Axial Gap

[+] Author Affiliations
Anand P. Darji

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Vasad, India

Dilipkumar Bhanudasji Alone

CSIR-NAL, Bangalore, India

Chetan S. Mistry

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India

Paper No. GTINDIA2017-4592, pp. V001T01A007; 12 pages
  • ASME 2017 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • Volume 1: Compressors, Fans and Pumps; Turbines; Heat Transfer; Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Bangalore, India, December 7–8, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5850-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


A transonic axial flow compressor undergoes severe vibrations due to instabilities like stall and surge when it operates at lower mass flow rate in the absence of any control devices. In present study, the attempt was made to understand the combine impact of circumferential casing grooves (CCG) of constant aspect ratio and different axial spacing between rotor and stator on the operating stability of single stage transonic axial compressor and that of rotor alone using numerical simulation. The optimum rotor-stator gap in the presence of grooved casing treatment was identified. The steady state numerical analysis was performed by using three-dimensional Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes equation adapting shear stress transport (SST) k-ω turbulence model. The study is reported in two sections. First section includes the detailed numerical study on baseline case having smooth casing wall (SCW). The computational results were validated with the experimental results available at Propulsion Division of CSIR-NAL, Bangalore. The computational study shows good agreement with experimental results. The second section comprises the effects of optimum designs of CCG and various axial spacing on the stall margin improvement of transonic compressor. Current computational study shows that the axial spacing between rotor and stator is an important parameter for improvement in stall margin not only for SCW but also for CCG. Therefore, the highest stall margin improvement of 9% has achieved for 75% axial spacing.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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