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Qualification of the Notch Stress Approach for the Fatigue Assessment of Welded Pressure Equipment and Power Plant Components

[+] Author Affiliations
Jürgen Rudolph

AREVA GmbH, Erlangen, Germany

Ralf Trieglaff

TÜV NORD, Hamburg, Germany

René Stößlein

FHWS, Würzburg, Germany

Fabian Hauser

Technische Hochschule Nürnberg Georg Simon Ohm, Nuremberg, Germany

Paper No. PVP2017-66073, pp. V01BT01A050; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2017-66073
From:
  • ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 1B: Codes and Standards
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 16–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5791-5
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

The fatigue assessment of welded joints in different engineering disciplines is usually based on nominal, structural or notch stresses on one hand (elastic concept using component fatigue curves of load controlled test data) and local strains on the other hand (elasto-plastic concept using material fatigue curves of strain-controlled push-pull test data of un-notched and polished standard specimens). The concepts of the first mentioned group are implemented in widespread standards and recommendations such as [1] to [3]. The fatigue assessment procedure of the European standard for unfired pressure vessels (EN 13445-3, Clause 17 & 18 and related annexes) [4] is currently under revision with one focus on the elaboration of user friendly fatigue assessment options for welded components [5]. The current state of the art focuses on the application of an adapted structural hot spot stress approach to the fatigue assessment of welded pressure equipment [5]. Although this is a significant step forward, the implementation of a notch stress approach can furtherly increase the fatigue assessment options by detailed weld seam analysis. The paper focuses on respective methodological proposals and application examples of typical welded joints. The finite element analysis as part of the procedure has to be harmonized with the requirements of the assessment procedure. Of course, the compatibility of the hot spot stress approach and a notch stress approach has to be guaranteed for individual examples. The direct comparison of the different approaches allows for a qualitative evaluation of methods. The application of an appropriate master fatigue curve FAT100 and the limitations with regard of stress/strain ranges in the low cycle fatigue (LCF) regime as well as the fatigue assessment of welded joints with mild weld toe notches is the subject of special considerations. The latest recommendations of German Welding Society (DVS) [6] constitute a reference for the last two subjects raised.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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