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Asynchronous Response Analysis of Non-Contact Vibration Measurements on Compressor Rotor Blades

[+] Author Affiliations
Christoph Krause, Marco Stelldinger, Benjamin Hanschke, Arnold Kühhorn

Brandenburg University of Technology, Cottbus, Germany

Thomas Giersch

Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG, Blankenfelde-Mahlow, Germany

Paper No. GT2017-63200, pp. V07BT35A004; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5093-0
  • Copyright © 2017 by Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG


Although the research in non-intrusive techniques for the measurement of vibration have made major progress since the beginning in the 1960’s, they are still mainly used as additional tool to the common strain gauges. Therefore, there is still a great deal of interest in the improvement of such non-contact vibration measurement techniques, to replace the intrusive ones with alternative techniques. One possibility to monitor all blades at once is blade tip-timing. The probes for a blade tip-timing measurement system are mounted circumferentially in the engine casing to log the passing times of the rotor blades. These logged time data will be compared with theoretically calculated passing times. The deviation between measured and calculated passing times can be transformed to blade displacement values. In recent years, several methods to analyse the acquired vibration data have been developed and improved. They are directed to evaluate synchronous and asynchronous blade vibration events. This paper focuses on the identification of asynchronous vibrations on rotor blades using blade tip-timing. Taking the data from all probes into account gives an opportunity to determine the vibration of each single blade. Due to the usage of a research test rig, all measurement data could be acquired in simulated real case operation scenarios. Analysis data were evaluated with a developed post processing routine based on a Fourier transformation algorithm coupled with a least square fitting procedure. Since compressor surge represents one of the most critical non synchronous events during compressor operation, in this paper a special interest is paid to the analysis of compressor surges. Vibration frequencies revealed during surge investigation will be compared with simultaneously measured strain gauge data to ensure the reliability of blade tip-timing measurement and analysis. To explain the results in more detail, the possibility of a blade damaged triggered shift of the blade characteristic frequency is shown. The most promising result of the analysis is the close correlation between the identified vibration frequencies of compressor surge events and the afterwards determined frequency mistuning and crack distributions. Blade damage becomes visible through increasing deviation between characteristic frequencies of different blades as result of multiple surge events. In addition, with the comparison of mean frequency records over each single surge among each other it is possible to restrict the blade damage time. Subsequently, the possibility to develop a process routine to predict blade damage during compressor test series could arise.

Copyright © 2017 by Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG



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