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Design, Fabrication, Experimental Analysis, and Test Flight of an Origami-Based Fixed-Wing Aerial Vehicle: µPlane

[+] Author Affiliations
Siamak G. Faal, Fuchen Chen, Weijia Tao, Shadi T. Kalat, Payam Razavi, Cagdas D. Onal

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA

Vahideh Eshaghian

Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. DETC2016-60477, pp. V05BT07A027; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5B: 40th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, August 21–24, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5016-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This article covers details the design, fabrication, experimental analysis, and first flight tests of μPlane, an origami-inspired aerial vehicle. μPlane is a monoplane with a straight wing planform that has a wingspan of 580 millimeters and can reach a maximum linear velocity of 6.12 meters-per-second. The body of the μPlane is fabricated by folding a single, unified crease pattern which includes all the sections required to construct the wing, tail, fuselage, and connection ports for external components, such as actuators and batteries. The wing of the plane utilizes a cambered profile to generate the required lift force. An optimization problem is formulated to find a solution to the set of constraints that provides the desired camber form. To validate the proposed design, a 3D scan of the top surface of the wing is accrued using a high-resolution fringe projection system. Finally, the flight performance and stability of μPlane are tested in both indoor and outdoor environments.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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