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Overpressure Protections in Liquid Pipeline Hydraulic Design

[+] Author Affiliations
Alan X. L. Zhou, David Yu

WorleyParsons Ltd., Calgary, AB, Canada

Victor Cabrejo

TransCanada Pipelines Limited, Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. IPC2016-64687, pp. V003T04A044; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2016-64687
From:
  • 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 3: Operations, Monitoring and Maintenance; Materials and Joining
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 26–30, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5027-5
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Continuous economic development demands safe and efficient means of transporting large quantities of crude oil and other hydrocarbon products over vast extensions of land. Such transportation provides critical links between organizations and companies, permitting goods to flow between their facilities. Operation safety is paramount in transporting petroleum products in the pipeline industry. Safety can affect the performance and economics of pipeline system. Pipeline design codes also evolve as new technologies become available and management principles and practices improve. While effective operation safety requires well-trained operators, adequate operational procedures and compliance with regulatory requirements, the best way to ensure process safety is to implement safety systems during the design stage of pipeline system.

Pressure controls and overpressure protection measures are important components of a modern pipeline system. This system is intended to provide reliable control and prevent catastrophic failure of the transport system due to overpressure conditions that can occur under abnormal operating conditions. This paper discusses common pressure surge events, options of overpressure protection strategies in pipeline design and ideas on transient hydraulic analyses for pipeline systems. Different overpressure protection techniques considered herein are based on pressure relief, pressure control systems, equipment operation characteristics, and integrated system wide approach outlining complete pressure control and overpressure protection architecture for pipeline systems. Although the analyses presented in this paper are applicable across a broad range of operating conditions and different pipeline system designs, it is not possible to cover all situations and different pipeline systems have their own unique solutions. As such, sound engineering judgment and engineering principles should always be applied in any engineering design.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Design , Pipelines

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