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An Unsteady Aerodynamics Model for Lifting Line Free Vortex Wake Simulations of HAWT and VAWT in QBlade

[+] Author Affiliations
Juliane Wendler, David Marten, George Pechlivanoglou, Christian Navid Nayeri, Christian Oliver Paschereit

Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Paper No. GT2016-57184, pp. V009T46A011; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Oil and Gas Applications; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles; Wind Energy
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4987-3
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This paper describes the introduction of an unsteady aerodynamics model applicable for horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines (HAWT/VAWT) into the advanced blade design and simulation code QBlade, developed at the HFI of the TU Berlin. The software contains a module based on lifting line theory including a free vortex wake algorithm (LLFVW) which has recently been coupled to the structural solver of FAST to allow for time-resolved aeroelastic simulations of large, flexible wind turbine blades. The aerodynamic model yields an accuracy improvement with respect to Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory and a more practical approach compared to higher fidelity methods such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) which are too computationally demanding for load case calculations. To capture the dynamics of flow separation, a semi-empirical method based on the Beddoes-Leishman model now extends the simple table lookups of static polar data by predicting the unsteady lift and drag coefficients from steady data and the current state of motion. The model modifications for wind turbines and the coupling to QBlade’s vortex method are described. A 2D validation of the implementation is presented in this paper to demonstrate the capability and reliability of the resulting simulation scheme. The applicability of the model is shown for exemplary HAWT and VAWT test cases. The modelling of the dynamic stall vortex, the empiric model constants as well as the influence of the dynamic coefficients on performance predictions are investigated.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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