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Steady-State Power Operation of a Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Brayton Cycle With Thermal-Hydraulic Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Eric M. Clementoni, Timothy L. Cox, Martha A. King

Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation, West Mifflin, PA

Paper No. GT2016-56038, pp. V009T36A001; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-56038
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Oil and Gas Applications; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles; Wind Energy
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4987-3
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation (BMPC) Integrated System Test (IST) is a two shaft recuperated closed Brayton cycle using supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) as the working fluid. The IST is a simple recuperated Brayton cycle with a variable speed turbine driven compressor and a constant speed turbine driven generator designed to output 100 kWe. The main focus of the IST is to demonstrate operational, control, and performance characteristics of an sCO2 Brayton power cycle over a wide range of conditions.

IST operation has reached the point where the system can be run with the turbine-compressor thermal-hydraulically balanced so that the net power of the cycle is equal to the turbine-generator output. In this operating mode, power level is changed by using the compressor recirculation valve to adjust the fraction of compressor flow that goes to the turbines as well as the compressor pressure ratio. Steady-state operational data and trends are presented at various system power levels from near zero net cycle power to maximum operating power using a simplified thermal-hydraulic based control method. Confirmation of stable steady-state operation of the system with automatic thermal-hydraulic control is also discussed.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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