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A Closed-Form Lower Bound on the Allowable Motion for an Ellipsoidal Body and Environment

[+] Author Affiliations
Qianli Ma, Gregory S. Chirikjian

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

Paper No. DETC2015-47351, pp. V05CT08A055; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2015-47351
From:
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5C: 39th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5714-4
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, we present the closed-form representation of a subset of the allowable motion of an ellipse and an ellipsoid inside a simple elliptical and ellipsoidal environment based on the idea of kinematics of containment. Identifying an object’s free motion space, or equivalently the configuration space (C-space), is of great interest and practical use in computer-aided design and path planning problems. A special case exists when the object is constrained in an environment that is slightly larger than itself. We motivate our research by looking at the amount of free space in a cell for motion of the nucleus relative to the cell membrane. Therefore, we focus on elliptical and ellipsoidal shapes because of their similarity to the actual shape of a cell and its nucleus.

The subset of C-space defined by our closed-form representation is in spherical shape and the convexity of sphere makes it convenient to check whether two nodes in the C-space can be connected without collision. We derive the explicit expressions of the equation for both the single ellipse and single ellipsoid case. Existing methods are implemented and verified while a new method is proposed that shows better performance at enclosing a sub C-space with a larger volume.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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