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An Algebraic Method to Check the Singularity-Free Paths for Parallel Robots

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Jha, D. Chablat

Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybernétique de Nantes, Nantes, France

F. Rouillier

INRIA Paris-Rocquencourt Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Paris, France

G. Moroz

INRIA Nancy-Grand Est, Nancy, France

Paper No. DETC2015-46230, pp. V05CT08A002; 10 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5C: 39th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5714-4
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Trajectory planning is a critical step while programming the parallel manipulators in a robotic cell. The main problem arises when there exists a singular configuration between the two poses of the end-effectors while discretizing the path with a classical approach. This paper presents an algebraic method to check the feasibility of any given trajectories in the workspace. The solutions of the polynomial equations associated with the trajectories are projected in the joint space using Gröbner based elimination methods and the remaining equations are expressed in a parametric form where the articular variables are functions of time t unlike any numerical or discretization method. These formal computations allow to write the Jacobian of the manipulator as a function of time and to check if its determinant can vanish between two poses. Another benefit of this approach is to use a largest workspace with a more complex shape than a cube, cylinder or sphere. For the Orthoglide, a three degrees of freedom parallel robot, three different trajectories are used to illustrate this method.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Robots , Algebra



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