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Methodology to Correct the Magnetic Field Effect on Thin Film Measurements

[+] Author Affiliations
D. G. Cuadrado, G. Paniagua

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

S. Lavagnoli

von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode-Saint-Genèse, Brussels, Belgium

Paper No. GT2015-42715, pp. V006T05A012; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42715
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6: Ceramics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Honors and Awards
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5675-8
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Machined ferrous metal components may carry a magnetic field, which in rotation disturb the output of electrical sensors. To minimize the effect on the electrical instrumentation, the rotating components are usually demagnetized. However, even after the demagnetization process, a residual magnetism unavoidably remains. This paper presents a methodology to predict the effects of a rotating magnetic field induced on thin-film measurements. In addition to the prediction of the magnetic effects, a procedure to correct the spurious variation in the readings of thin film gauges has been developed to enhance the fidelity of the measurements. An analytical model was developed to reproduce the bias on the electrical signal from sensors exposed to rotor airfoils with magnets. The model is based on the Biot-Savart law to generate the magnetic field, and the Faraday’s law to calculate the electromotive force induced along the measurement circuit. The model was assessed by means of controlled experiments varying the rotor tip clearance and rotational speed. The presented methodologies allowed the correction of the magnetic field effects. The raw signal of the thin film sensors, in the absence of any correction, is prone to deliver errors in the heat flux amounting to about 8% of the mean overall value. Thanks to the developed corrective approach, the residual magnetic effect contribution to the heat flux error would be 2% at most.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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