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Electrochemical Model Based Fault Diagnosis of Li-Ion Battery Using Fuzzy Logic

[+] Author Affiliations
Vinay K. S. Muddappa, Sohel Anwar

IUPUI, Indianapolis, IN

Paper No. IMECE2014-37134, pp. V04BT04A048; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2014-37134
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Dynamics, Vibration, and Control
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4648-3
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

There is a strong urge for advanced diagnosis method, especially in high power battery packs and high energy density cell design applications, such as electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid electric vehicle segment, due to safety concerns. Accurate and robust diagnosis methods are required in order to optimize battery charge utilization and improve EV range. Battery faults cause significant model parameter variation affecting battery internal states and output. This work is focused on developing diagnosis method to reliably detect various faults inside lithiumion cell using electrochemical model based observer and fuzzy logic algorithm, which is implementable in real-time. The internal states and outputs from battery plant model were compared against those from the electrochemical model based observer to generate the residuals. These residuals and states were further used in a fuzzy logic based residual evaluation algorithm in order to detect the battery faults. Simulation results show that the proposed methodology is able to detect various fault types including overcharge, over-discharge and aged battery quickly and reliably, thus providing an effective and accurate way of diagnosing Li-Ion battery faults.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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