Scalar Measurements in Bluff Body Stabilized Flames Using Cars Diagnostics PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
J. C. Pan, M. D. Vangsness, S. P. Heneghan, D. R. Ballal

University of Dayton, Dayton, OH

Paper No. 91-GT-302, pp. V003T06A023; 9 pages
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7900-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME


Measurements of mean and rms temperature fluctuations were performed in confined turbulent premixed methane-air flames, stabilized on a conical flameholder. A CARS system was used for these measurements. These tests employed flameholders of different blockage ratios (13% and 25%), and mixtures with different equivalence ratios (0.56, 0.65, 0.8, and 0.9) and approach turbulence intensity (2%, 17%, and 22%).

It was found that the recirculation zone closely resembles a perfectly well-stirred reactor. Blockage ratio, equivalence ratio, or approach turbulence intensity did not alter the scalar field. The turbulent flame structure enveloping the recirculation zone comprises: (i) an ignition/thin flame region in the vicinity of the flameholder base, (ii) a reacting shear layer region of large-scale coherent structures, and (iii) a thick flame region where entrainment is the dominant mechanism. Finally, analysis suggests that the scalar gradient-diffusion relationship is valid and areas of non-gradient diffusion, if any, are probably small.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
Topics: Scalars , Automobiles , Flames
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