Effects of Turbine Design on Particulate Erosion of Turbine Airfoils PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
J. H. Wagner, B. V. Johnson

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT

D. W. Geiling

Morgantown Energy Technology Center, Morgantown, WV

Paper No. 91-GT-292, pp. V003T05A012; 17 pages
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7900-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME


An analytic study was conducted to determine the effects of turbine design, airfoil shape and material on particulate erosion of turbine airfoils in coal-fueled, direct-fired gas turbines used for electric power generation. First-stage, mean-line airfoil sections were designed for 80 MW output turbines with 3 and 4 stages. Two-dimensional particle trajectory calculations and erosion rate analyses were performed for a range of particle diameters and densities and for ductile and ceramic airfoil materials. Results indicate that the surface erosion rates can vary by a factor of 5 and that erosion on rotating blades is not well correlated with particle diameter. The results quantify the cause/effect turbine design relationships expected and assist in the selection of turbine design characteristics for use downstream of a coal-fueled combustion process.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
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