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Application of Synthetic Wall Jets for Pressure-Less, Counter-Current Conveyance of Thin Liquid Layers

[+] Author Affiliations
Thomas Sturz, Frieda Sandberg, Peter Walzel

TU Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany

Paper No. FEDSM2014-21248, pp. V01DT32A004; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1D, Symposia: Transport Phenomena in Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Urban Fluid Mechanics; Fluid Dynamic Behavior of Complex Particles; Analysis of Elementary Processes in Dispersed Multiphase Flows; Multiphase Flow With Heat/Mass Transfer in Process Technology; Fluid Mechanics of Aircraft and Rocket Emissions and Their Environmental Impacts; High Performance CFD Computation; Performance of Multiphase Flow Systems; Wind Energy; Uncertainty Quantification in Flow Measurements and Simulations
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 3–7, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4624-7
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The entrainment by pulsed or rather so-called synthetic wall jets can be used to sustain a pressure-less transport of thin liquid layers along ducts. These jets exhibit zero-net-mass-flow conditions and lead to a break of symmetry in the flow pattern during one oscillation cycle. Therefore, only a net impulse is transferred in jet direction and induces a directed movement of the ambient liquid by entrainment according to the jet direction. The aim is to investigate the applicability of the principle to counter-current contactors as an alternative to pressure drop or gravity as driving forces typically applied e.g. in counter-current liquid-liquid contactors. Experiments are performed with an apparatus containing wall-jet flow drives with a multitude of narrow slit-openings (slit-width s = 190 μm) along a channel for synthetic wall jet generation. Firstly, one single wall-jet flow drive is investigated regarding its conveying performance at different related oscillation amplitudes (eslit/s = 7–25) and frequencies (f = 1–5 Hz). Subsequently, the apparatus is extended by a second identical device, arranged in parallel but above and oriented in the opposite conveying direction. This is to demonstrate the applicability of synthetic wall jets for counter-current operations.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Pressure , Jets



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