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Improving the Efficiency of Low Temperature Combustion Engines Using a Chamfered Ring-Land

[+] Author Affiliations
Jae Hyung Lim, Rolf D. Reitz

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI

Paper No. ICEF2014-5576, pp. V001T03A013; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2014-5576
From:
  • ASME 2014 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Volume 1: Large Bore Engines; Fuels; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems
  • Columbus, Indiana, USA, October 19–22, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4616-2
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

In the present study a chamfered piston crown design was used in order to reduce unburned hydrocarbon (UHC) emissions from the ring-pack crevice. Compared to the conventional piston design, the chamfered piston showed 17%∼41% reduction in the crevice-borne UHC emissions in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion. Through parametric sweeps 6 mm was identified to be a suitable chamfer size and the mechanism of the UHC reduction was revealed. Based on the findings in this study, the chamfered piston design was also tested in dual-fuel reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion. In the tested RCCI case using the chamfered piston the UHC and CO emissions were reduced by 79% and 36%, respectively, achieving 99.5% combustion efficiency. This also improved gross indicated thermal efficiency from 51.1% to 51.8% in a 9 bar IMEP RCCI combustion case.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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