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An Investigation on Sensitivity of Ignition Delay and Activation Energy in Diesel Combustion

[+] Author Affiliations
Umashankar Joshi, Ziliang Zheng, Amit Shrestha, Naeim Henein

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Eric Sattler

US Army TARDEC, Detroit, MI

Paper No. ICEF2014-5587, pp. V001T02A008; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2014-5587
From:
  • ASME 2014 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Volume 1: Large Bore Engines; Fuels; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems
  • Columbus, Indiana, USA, October 19–22, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4616-2
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The auto-ignition process plays a major role in the combustion, performance, fuel economy and emission in diesel engines. The auto-ignition quality of different fuels has been rated by its cetane number (CN) determined in the CFR engine, according to ASTM D613. More recently, the Ignition Quality Tester (IQT), a constant volume vessel, has been used to determine the derived cetane number (DCN) to avoid the elaborate, time consuming and costly engine tests, according to ASTM D6890. The ignition delay period in these two standard tests and many investigations has been considered to be the time period between start of injection (SOI) and start of combustion (SOC). The ignition delay (ID) values determined in different investigations can vary due to differences in instrumentation and definitions. This paper examines the different definitions and the parameters that effect ID period. In addition the activation energy dependence on the ID definition is investigated. Furthermore, results of an experimental investigation in a single-cylinder research diesel engine will be presented while the charge density is kept constant during the ID period. The global activation energy is determined and its sensitivity to the charge temperature is examined.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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