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High Energy Natural Gas Internal Corrosion Susceptibility Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
David Owen

Alliance Pipeline Ltd., Calgary, AB, Canada

Simon Schapira

DNV (Canada) Ltd., Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. IPC2014-33462, pp. V004T05A005; 8 pages
  • 2014 10th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 4: Production Pipelines and Flowlines; Project Management; Facilities Integrity Management; Operations and Maintenance; Pipelining in Northern and Offshore Environments; Strain-Based Design; Standards and Regulations
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4613-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Alliance Pipeline operates an integrated Canadian and U.S. high-pressure, rich natural gas transmission pipeline system. Rich natural gas pipelines are unique in that the product transported in these pipelines contains greater amounts of higher molecular weight hydrocarbons than would be transported in a dry natural gas pipeline. The specifications for gas quality however are very similar and require the product to contain less than sixty five mg/m3 water, no free liquids and/or objectionable materials such as bacteria, ashphaltene, gum, etc. The acid gases, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide, are also required to be below certain values (see Table 1). Corrosion is not expected to occur under these conditions due to the lack of free water available for the development of an electrochemical corrosion cell. However, there are instances where the gas quality may vary and this gas enters facility piping for short periods of time. A method has been developed by Pipeline Research Council International (PRCI) to determine the internal corrosion susceptibility for dry gas natural gas pipelines but there are currently no industry accepted models which determine the internal corrosion susceptibility for high energy natural gas (HENG) pipeline systems. Accordingly, it is important for operators of pipelines with high energy natural gas (HENG) to collect and analyze these off specification events and develop a method to determine the relative impact on internal corrosion susceptibility. It is perhaps more important for operators to use this method to develop a strategy to prioritize facility piping for inspection and confirm the absence of internal corrosion. An Internal Corrosion Susceptibility Assessment (ICSA) method has been developed for HENG which considers off specification water, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulphide contents in the HENG. The analysis has been enhanced to also consider low temperature operation and hydrocarbon dew-point variations. The model has been effectively trialed over the last number of years to prioritize inspections and has been further tested against PRCI research and models developed for dry gas internal corrosion susceptibility. All internal corrosion models need to identify free water as prime contributor to susceptibility, thus the subject model is considered adaptable to other gas pipeline systems. This paper discusses the methods used to develop the model, the challenges encountered and results of the field inspections conducted.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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