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Analysis of the Heat Transfer Driving Parameters in Tight Rotor Blade Tip Clearances

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Lavagnoli, C. De Maesschalck, G. Paniagua

von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Brussels, Belgium

Paper No. GT2014-25291, pp. V05BT14A002; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-25291
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4572-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Turbine rotor tips and casings are vulnerable to mechanical failures due to the extreme thermal loads they undergo during engine operation. In addition to the heat flux variations during the transient phase, high-frequency unsteadiness occurs at every rotor passage, with amplitude dependent on the tip gap. The development of appropriate predictive tools and cooling schemes requires the precise understanding of the heat transfer mechanisms. The present paper analyzes the nature of the overtip flow in transonic turbine rotors running at tight clearances, and explores a methodology to determine the relevant flow parameters that model the heat transfer.

Steady-state three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes calculations were performed to simulate engine-like conditions considering two rotor tip gaps, 0.1% and 1% of the blade span. At tight tip clearance, the adiabatic wall temperature is not anymore independent of the solid thermal boundary conditions. The adiabatic wall temperature predicted with the linear Newton’s cooling law was observed to rise to non-physical levels in certain regions within the rotor tip gap, resulting in unreliable convective heat transfer coefficients. This paper investigates different approaches to estimate the relevant flow parameters that drive the heat transfer. The present study allows experimentalists to retrieve information on the gap flow temperature and convective heat transfer coefficient based on the use of wall heat flux measurements. Such approach is required to improve the accuracy in the evaluation of the heat transfer data while enhancing the understanding of tight-clearance overtip flows.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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