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Elastomer O-Rings as Centering Spring in Squeeze Film Dampers: Application to Turbochargers

[+] Author Affiliations
Saeid Dousti, Jason A. Kaplan, Feng He, Paul E. Allaire

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Paper No. GT2013-94923, pp. V07BT30A018; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5527-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


This study addresses the nonlinear dynamic behavior of O-ring seals as the centering spring in squeeze film dampers. An analytical model is developed to predict the restoring and hysteresis characteristics of elastomer O-rings and extends the existing models to non-axisymmetric load conditions. Also, the inclusion of axial seals increases the damping capacity of squeeze film dampers. O-rings forces are investigated for different sizes, installation preloads, and operating conditions and contrasted with squeeze film damper’s hydrodynamic forces. This model is incorporated in linear and time transient rotordynamic analyses of a vertical turbocharger. It is shown that the O-rings contribution in rotor response for low rotational speeds and low amplitude vibrations is dominant and can not be ignored.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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