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Numerical Investigation of Rotating Detonation Combustion in Annular Chambers

[+] Author Affiliations
Sergio Escobar, Suryanarayana R. Pakalapati, Ismail Celik

National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WVWest Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Donald Ferguson, Peter Strakey

National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV

Paper No. GT2013-94918, pp. V01AT04A071; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94918
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

This article presents two dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) computational analysis of rotating detonation combustion (RDC) in annular chambers using the commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver ANSYS-Fluent V13. The applicability of ANSYS-Fluent to predict the predominant phenomena taking place in the combustion chamber of a rotating detonation combustor is assessed. Simulations are performed for stoichiometric Hydrogen-Air combustion using two different chemical mechanisms. First, a widely used one-step reaction mechanism that uses mass fraction of the reactant as a progress variable, then a reduced chemical mechanism for H2-Air combustion including NOx chemistry was employed. Time dependent 2D and 3D simulations are carried out by solving Euler equations for compressible flows coupled with chemical reactions. Fluent user defined functions (UDF) were constructed and integrated into the commercial CFD solver in order to model the micro nozzle and slot injection system for fuel and oxidizer, respectively. Predicted pressure and temperature fields and detonation wave velocities are compared for the two reaction mechanisms. Curvature effects on the properties of transverse detonation waves are studied by comparing the 2D and 3D simulations. The effects of diffusion terms on RDC phenomena are assessed by solving full Navier-Stokes equations and comparing the results with those from Euler equations. Computational results are compared with experimentally measured pressure data obtained from the literature. Results show that the detonation wave velocity is over predicted in all the simulations. However, good agreement between computational and experimental data for the pressure field and transverse detonation wave structure proves adequate capabilities of ANSYS-Fluent to predict the main physical characteristics of RDC operation. Finally, various improvements for RDC modeling are postulated, particularly for better prediction of wave velocity.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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