Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Experimental Analysis of V- to M-Shape Transition of Premixed CH4/H2/Air Swirling Flames

[+] Author Affiliations
T. F. Guiberti, L. Zimmer, D. Durox, T. Schuller

CNRS, Châtenay-Malabry, FranceEcole Centrale Paris, Châtenay-Malabry, France

Paper No. GT2013-94842, pp. V01AT04A063; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Lean premixed swirling flames stabilized at the sudden expansion of a combustion chamber generally take a V or a M shape, depending on the burner geometry and flow conditions. It is not rare to observe transitions between these shapes as operating conditions of the combustor are modified, but the governing mechanisms of these transitions are not well understood. An experimental study is conducted to analyze the transition from an initially V-shaped flame to a M-shaped flame for swirling flames fed by CH4/H2/air mixtures anchored on a central bluff body when flow conditions and geometrical elements of the combustor are modified. Two situations are identified depending whether strong flame wall interactions take place at the quartz tube confining the flame. When the V-flame front is impinging and quenched at the combustion chamber wall, the transition to a M-shape is triggered by a flashback mechanism along the wall followed by the propagation of the flame tip along the outer shear-layer of the swirling jet in the direction of the external rim of the burner. This mechanism is controlled by the mixture Lewis number, a Karlovitz number based on the velocity gradient at the combustor wall, the swirl imparted to the flow and the cross section area ratio between the injection unit and combustion chamber defining a confinement ratio. Experiments conducted at a given mixture Lewis number indicate that the onset of flashback is determined by decreasing the Karlovitz number under a critical value. It is shown that this critical value decreases when the Lewis number increases, but it also depends on the confinement ratio and swirl number. In the absence of direct interaction between the V-flame tip and the chamber wall, the situation differs and this flashback mechanism along the combustion chamber wall ceases. Attempts are made in this case to identify the governing parameters triggering the V- to M-shape transition for small confinement ratios.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In