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Effect of Reynolds Number on Deposition in Fuels Flowing Over Heated Surfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
Clifford Moses

Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX

Paper No. GT2013-94797, pp. V01AT04A059; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94797
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

An increasing demand is being put on the fuel as a heat sink in modern aircraft. In the end, the fuel flows through the atomizer which on the one hand is the hottest part of its thermal history, but on the other hand the most critical for resisting deposition. Most studies have concentrated on the chemistry of deposition, and in recent years there have been modeling efforts. Deposition is really the end product of a coupling between heat transfer to the fuel, chemical reactions to form insoluble gums, followed by the transport of these gums to the surface to form deposits. There is conflicting evidence and theory in the literature concerning the effect of turbulence on deposition, i.e., whether deposition increases or decreases with increasing Reynolds number. This paper demonstrates through a heat transfer analysis that the effect of Reynolds number depends upon the boundary/initial conditions. If the flow is heated from the surface, deposition decreases with increasing Reynolds number; however, for isothermal flows, i.e., preheated, deposition will increase with Reynolds number.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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