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Ignition and Flame Stabilization of a Premixed Jet in Hot Cross Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Denise Schmitt, Michael Kolb, Johannes Weinzierl, Christoph Hirsch, Thomas Sattelmayer

Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-94763, pp. V01AT04A053; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94763
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

At the Institute of Thermodynamics, Technical University of Munich a large scale atmospheric combustion test rig has been designed and set up. The experimental setup is comprised of two burning zones: A first zone consists of 16 burners providing vitiated air at 1776K, into which a secondary fuel-air mixture jet is injected and ignited by the hot cross flow. The phenomenon is known in the literature as a reacting jet in hot cross flow. The hot data is compared to the cold case in order to show differences in the flow field due to flame propagation.

For evaluating the flow field several experimental analyses have been applied so far (OH*, High-Speed PIV, Mixture Analysis). The focus of this paper is on the momentum ratios J = 4–10 with Jet Reynolds Numbers between 20,000 and 80,000. For the cold case the flow field is measured and compared with the reacting jet. In the injector the air and the natural gas are perfectly premixed. The equivalence ratio of the jet is varied over a wide range of mixtures (ϕ = 0.05–0.77) resulting in an adiabatic flame temperature of the jet between 800 and 2200K. As the pictures of the chemiluminescence analysis show the jet gas ignites immediately upon entering the hot cross flow. The distinct influence of the equivalence ratio on the flame length and shape can be seen in the data. The trajectory of the flame penetrates further into the channel compared to the trajectory of the cold case caused by the reaction in the flame and its resulting gas expansion. Due to the large diameter of the jet in the experiment the origins of the dominant flow patterns are obtained with high spatial resolution. Following this, flame anchoring mechanisms at different operation points are derived.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Flames , Ignition , Cross-flow

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