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Experimental and Numerical Analysis of an Ignition Sequence in a Multiple-Injectors Burner

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Cordier, A. Vandel, B. Renou, G. Cabot, M. A. Boukhalfa

CORIA-UMR6614, Saint-Etienne du Rouvray, France

L. Esclapez, D. Barré, E. Riber, B. Cuenot, L. Gicquel

CERFACS, Toulouse, France

Paper No. GT2013-94681, pp. V01AT04A048; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94681
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The design of a gas turbine combustion chamber integrates multiple contradicting objectives. Among all the parameters available to the engineers, the number of fuel injection systems and their spacing are crucial information which need to be fixed early on in the design phase. Indeed, such choices not only impact the cost and size of the combustor but they also affect the operability of the future engine. One key objective behind these parameters is the ignition time delay needed for the whole combustion chamber to successfully light. To gather knowledge in the ignition process that takes place in real gas turbine engines, current research orient towards the development of experimental facilities that complement high fidelity unsteady numerical simulations. In this context, a multi-injectors experimental set-up located at CORIA (France) is used to validate Large Eddy Simulation (LES) tools developed by CERFACS, IFP-EN and CORIA (France). Preliminary validations against experimental data show that for a given inter-injector distance, LES stationary and ignition transient predictions are very promising and recover the main features found in the experiment. Exit mean and root mean square velocity profiles of the steady flow are in good agreement with measurements obtained for all injectors at multiple axial locations. The simulation of the ignition transient phase well captures global events such as the propagation of the flame front from one injector to its neighbors and the related mechanisms. Improvement is however still needed to recover the proper ignition time of the whole burner.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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