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Automated Combustor Preliminary Design Using Tools of Different Fidelity

[+] Author Affiliations
Andreas Angersbach, Dieter Bestle

Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Cottbus, Germany

Ruud Eggels

Rolls-Royce Deutschland, Blakenfelde-Mahlow, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-94411, pp. V01AT04A030; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG


The design of a modern aero-engine combustor is a highly complex and multi-disciplinary task. The combustor design is strongly driven by severe emission regulations and ACARE 2020/2050 goals. Furthermore, new designs have to be developed within short turn-around times. This paper describes a novel approach of an automated preliminary aero-thermal design process of a rich-burn combustor combining 1D, 2D and 3D design tools in order to speed up the design loop and provide improved combustor designs in an early design stage.

The automated design process includes a knowledge-based preliminary design tool, an 1D network solver, a parametric 3D geometry model, a meshing tool, and 3D-CFD analysis. At first, a preliminary combustor design is created based on industrial in-house design rules. The preliminary design tool provides a 2D geometry model and cooling layout. It is coupled with an 1D network solver to calculate the air distribution inside the combustor. The design process includes two state-of-the-art combustor cooling schemes, effusion cooling and impingement effusion cooling. An air flow model for both cooling schemes is created within the network, respectively. The computed air distribution is subsequently used to generate boundary conditions for a 3D-CFD analysis. To perform the CFD calculations, a parametric 3D geometry model of a combustor sector has been developed based on a 2D preliminary design which takes into account mixing port properties, fuel injector, and combustor wall cooling. After an automated meshing 3D-CFD computations are performed. As a result, quick automatic estimation of combustor emissions, size and efficiency can be obtained within the design process. A CFD parameter study of a mixing port variation and their effect on the emissions of NOx and soot is performed using the described layout process.

Copyright © 2013 by Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG



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