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Spark Ignition of Confined Swirled Flames: Experimental and Numerical Investigation

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Cordier, A. Vandel, B. Renou, G. Cabot, M. A. Boukhalfa

CORIA-UMR6614, Saint-Etienne du Rouvray, France

M. Cazalens

SNECMA, Moissy Cramayel, France

Paper No. GT2013-94384, pp. V01AT04A028; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94384
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

A swirl burner was designed to experimentally study the impact of spark location on ignition efficiency and detailed ignition scenarios until flame stabilization or blow-off were established, following experimental observations. Premixed and non-premixed configurations were investigated for the same turbulent flow, in order to evaluate the fuel heterogeneities on ignition efficiency. Attention was paid to providing accurate data on cold flow velocity field statistics (obtained by stereoscopic PIV) and fuel mole fraction field statistics (obtained by PLIF on acetone). Ignition probability maps were established for all conditions by using laser-induced spark for a constant level of deposited energy. No systematic correlations were observed between local flow properties and ignition probability, which leads to the conclusion that history of the flame kernel inside the combustion chamber, must be taken into account to fully explain the ignition mechanism. From this conclusion, ignition scenarios were built using fast flame visualization and dynamic pressure record. Different steps of the ignition process were identified according to the location of the spark.

In order to evaluate ignition probability according to spark location and flow conditions (velocity, turbulence and mixing), we extended the predictive model of Neophytou et al. [1], with some modifications, to examine whether it can be applied to ignition of swirling premixed flames. Flame particles are emitted by the spark and tracked in the flow with a Langevin equation by using non-reactive velocity fields obtained by PIV. Physical criteria are proposed to represent flame particles generation, expansion and extinction. Results indicate a relatively good agreement with the experimental database and the ignition scenarios are also well reproduced.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Flames , Ignition

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