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Effect of Fuel Staged Proportion on NOX Emission Performance of Centrally Staged Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Fuqiang Liu, Yong Mu, Cunxi Liu, Jinhu Yang, Yanhui Mao, Gang Xu, Junqiang Zhu

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2013-94299, pp. V01AT04A015; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94299
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The low NOX emission technology has become an important feature of advanced aviation engine. A wide range of applications attempt to take advantage of the fact that staged combustion operating under lean-premixed-prevaporized (LPP) conditions can significantly decrease pollution emissions and improve combustion efficiency. In this paper a scheme with fuel centrally staged and multi-point injection is proposed. The mixing of fuel and air is improved, and the flame temperature is typically low in combustion zone, minimizing the formation of nitrogen oxides (NOX), especially thermal NOX. In terms of the field distribution of equivalence ratio and temperature obtained from Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), a chemical reactor network (CRN), including several different ideal reactor, namely perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) and plug flow reactor (PFR), is constructed to simulate the combustion process. The influences of the pilot equivalence ratio and percentage of pilot/main fuel on NOX and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions were studied by Chemical CRN model. Then the NOX emission in the staged combustor was researched experimentally. The effects of the amount of pilot fuel and primary fuel on pollution emissions were obtained by using gas analyzer. Finally, the effects of pilot fuel proportion on NOX emission were discussed in detail by comparing predicts of CRN and experimental results.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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