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The Design of a Chain of Spherical Stephenson Mechanisms for a Gearless Pitch-Roll Wrist

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Hernández, S. P. Bai, J. Angeles

McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Paper No. DETC2004-57424, pp. 1129-1138; 10 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 28th Biennial Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, September 28–October 2, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4695-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3742-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


Although bevel-gear wrists are widely used in industrial manipulators due to their simple kinematics and low manufacturing cost, their gear trains function under rolling and sliding, the latter bringing about noise and vibration. Sliding is inherent to the straight teeth of the bevel gears of these trains. Moreover, un-avoidable backlash introduces unmodeled dynamics, which mars robot performance. To alleviate these drawbacks, a gearless pitch-roll wrist is currently under design for low backlash and high stiffness. The wrist consists of spherical cam-rollers and spherical Stephenson linkages; two roller-carrying disks drive a combination of cams and Stephenson mechanisms rotating as a differential mechanism. In this paper, the design of the chain of spherical Stephenson mechanisms (SSMs) is introduced. The problem of the dimensional synthesis is addressed and interference avoidance is discussed. An embodiment of the concept is also included.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Chain , Design , Mechanisms



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