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Modeling Spatial Rigid Multibody Systems Using an Explicit-Time Integration Finite Element Solver and a Penalty Formulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Tamer Wasfy

Advanced Science and Automation Corporation, Smithfield, VA

Paper No. DETC2004-57352, pp. 901-908; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 28th Biennial Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, September 28–October 2, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4695-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3742-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A new technique for modeling rigid bodies undergoing spatial motion using an explicit time-integration finite element code is presented. The key elements of the technique are: (a) use of the total rotation matrix relative to the inertial frame to measure the rotation of the rigid bodies; (b) time-integration of the rotational equations of motion in a body fixed (material) frame, with the resulting incremental rotations added to the total rotation matrix; (c) penalty formulation for creating connection points (virtual nodes which do not add extra degrees of freedom) on the rigid-body where joints can be placed. The use of the rotation matrix along with incremental rotation updates circumvents the problem of singularities associated with other types of three and four parameter rotation measures. Benchmark rigid multibody dynamics problems are solved to demonstrate the accuracy of the present technique.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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