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Direct Position Analysis in Analytical Form of Parallel Manipulators Generating Structures With Topology SR-2PS

[+] Author Affiliations
Raffaele Di Gregorio

University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

Paper No. DETC2004-57036, pp. 115-121; 7 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 28th Biennial Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, September 28–October 2, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4695-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3742-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A wide family of parallel manipulators (PMs) is the one that groups all the PMs with three legs where the legs become kinematic chains constituted of a passive spherical pair (S) in series with either a passive prismatic pair (P) or a passive revolute pair (R) when the actuators are locked. The topologies of the structures generated by these manipulators, when the actuators are locked, are ten. One out of these topologies is the SR-2PS topology (one SR leg and two PS legs). This paper presents an algorithm that determines all the assembly modes of the structures with topology SR-2PS in analytical form. The presented algorithm can be applied without changes to solve, in analytical form, the direct position analysis of any parallel manipulator which generates a SR-2PS structure when the actuators are locked. In particular, the closure equations of a generic structure with topology SR-2PS are written. The eliminant of this system of equations is determined and the solution procedure is presented. Finally, the proposed procedure is applied to a real case. This work demonstrates that the solutions of the direct position analysis of any parallel manipulator which generates a SR-2PS structure when the actuators are locked are at most eight.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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