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Prediction of the Temperature in a Long Horizontal Fin Rod Cooled by Natural Convection and Radiation

[+] Author Affiliations
Donald W. Mueller, Jr., Hosni I. Abu-Mulaweh

Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne

Paper No. IMECE2004-60243, pp. 103-110; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 3
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4711-X | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The objective of this fundamental study is to numerically predict the temperature along a fin cooled by natural convection and radiation and to compare with measurements. The physical situation considered is a horizontal fin with a cylindrical cross-section. One end of the fin is maintained at a constant elevated temperature, and the fin is sufficiently long so that heat loss from the tip is negligible. Heat is transferred by conduction along the fin and dissipated from the surface via natural convection and radiation. The effect of natural convection is described with a published correlation for a horizontal cylinder, and a simple model is used for the radiative heat transfer. A finite difference formulation that allows for variable fluid property effects is used to determine the temperature distribution along the fin. A comparison is made to experimental results, and the agreement between the model and experiment is very good. Results show that the heat loss due to radiation is typically 15%–20% of the total.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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