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Combustion Characteristics of Pool Fires Under Low Atmospheric Pressures

[+] Author Affiliations
Changfa Tao, Xishi Wang, Xin Cai

University of Science & Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China

Paper No. IMECE2011-63056, pp. 1431-1436; 6 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


In order to study the effects of low atmospheric pressure conditions on combustion characteristics of liquid pool fires, a 1.0m×1.0m×1.0m airtight steel box was constructed and used for altering the ambient pressure with a vacuum pump. Gasoline, diesel oil and n-heptane were tested as the liquid fuels. The mass burning rate, flame pulsation frequency and flame local temperature history of the small scale pool fires were experimentally determined. The results show that the mass burning rate, flame pulsation frequency decrease with the decrease of ambient pressure, while the pulsating intensity is strengthened slightly for the n-heptane flame and weakened for the gasoline flame. It is also shown that the high temperature area of the flame moves upward with the decrease of ambient pressure.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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