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Design of a Low Cost, Partial Flow Dilution Tunnel With Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance Particulate Measurement

[+] Author Affiliations
Victor Christensen, Dan Cordon, Steve Beyerlein

University of Idaho, Moscow, ID

Judi Steciak, Ralph Budwig

University of Idaho, Boise, ID

Paper No. IMECE2011-64215, pp. 1295-1302; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-64215
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Accurate, repeatable measurement of tailpipe emissions is an important factor in the development of internal combustion engines and testing of alternative fuels. A dilution tunnel simulates the action of exhaust mixing with atmospheric gases and prevents condensation prior to gas and particulate measurements. In this work, a micro dilution tunnel was designed for the University of Idaho Small Engine Laboratory (SEL), and experiments were conducted to establish the controllability and accuracy of the tunnel. The tunnel design implements partial flow, Constant Volume Sampling (CVS) using an ejector diluter. Real-time measurement of CO2, CO, O2, NOx, hydrocarbons, and particulate emissions are collected using the combination of a NDIR/electrochemical 5-gas analyzer and a Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM). Data from these instruments and the flow conditioning equipment are collected and logged by a National Instruments data acquisition system. For the desired 11:1 dilution ratio, the system should be operated at 700°F suction temperature and 35 psia motive pressure. This results in an uncertainty of 3% at the 80% confidence level. A procedure has been developed for obtaining and verifying dilution ratios between 11:1 and 15:1. The characterization and use of an ejector diluter have made it possible to create an inexpensive dilution tunnel that will be useful in studying effects of freezing chemical reactions, and analyzing emissions of diesel and two-stroke engines that typically produce elevated levels of hydrocarbons and particulates beyond the saturation range of many emissions analyzers.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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