Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Analysis of Multiphase Transport Phenomena in PEMFCS by Incorporating Microscopic Model for Catalyst Layer Structures

[+] Author Affiliations
Munir Khan, Bengt Sundén, Jinliang Yuan

Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Yexiang Xiao

Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Paper No. IMECE2011-65142, pp. 903-912; 10 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


The catalyst layer (CL) in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells is one of the key components regulating the overall performance of the cell. In PEM fuel cells, there are two CLs having identical composition for hydrogen oxidation (HO) and oxygen reduction (OR) reactions. There are four phases inside the CL, namely: carbon, Pt particles, ionomer and voids. In this work, a micro-model of the cathode CL has been developed mathematically using finite volume (FV) technique to investigate the transport phenomena of reactants and product species, ions and electrons by incorporating the above stated phases at the cathode side only, due to the fact that the OR reactions are the rate limiting as compared to HO reaction. The 3D CL has been reconstructed based on a regularly distributed sphere’s method with dimensions 4.1 × 4.1 × 4.1 μ m3 . Platinum particles combined with carbon spheres (C/Pt) are regularly placed in the domain, an ionomer layer of a given thickness is extruded from the sphere surfaces. The C/Pt, ionomer and void distribution, as well as the triple phase boundary (TPB) are analysed and discussed. A microscopic model has been developed for water generation and species transport via Knudsen diffusion through the voids and the proton transport in the ionomer has been included here to aim for the rigorousness of the work. In addition, the electrochemical reactions have been simulated on the surface of Pt particles fulfilling the TBP conditions.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In