0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Drying Kinetics of Solid Biomass

[+] Author Affiliations
Luis A. Barreiros Martins, Marco André Reis, Manuel Eduardo Ferreira, José Carlos Teixeira

University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal

Paper No. IMECE2011-64242, pp. 857-864; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-64242
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

The growing costs of conventional energy resources has significantly changed the economies and led to an increased demand for biomass. Biomass in its natural state has a high moisture content, which reduces the combustion efficiency and may cause problems in its processing. One of the most widely used forms of solid biomass concerns pellets that are often manufactured from saw dust. The manufacturing process requires that the raw material should be supplied in controllable conditions of humidity (in the order of 10%, dry basis); otherwise the final product will have poor mechanical properties. So it is essential to do the drying process to reduce the moisture content to acceptable values and to improve the efficiency of using of this product. In this way becomes necessary to study the various parameters that influence the drying process of biomass. For this purpose a drying wind tunnel was built. The facility consists of a ventilator, an electrical heating system and settling chamber and a testing chamber. This facility allows the study of the influence of moisture content and initial grain size of samples and the temperature and air velocity in the drying process of biomass. Air is supplied into a sample of biomass and its temperature and humidity are monitored along time. The humidity is measured by weighting the sample at regular intervals. Measurements were carried out on pine sawdust that was sieved into samples of various particle size. The temperature and air velocity was varied for each sample and the drying kinetics were used to derive working correlations from the experimental data. The results have shown that the gas temperature is the most important parameter in the drying of sawdust. The data was also correlated with dimensionless parameters.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Drying , Biomass

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In