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Macro-System Model for Hydrogen Energy Systems Analysis in Transportation

[+] Author Affiliations
Victor Diakov, Mark Ruth

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO

Michael E. Goldsby, Timothy J. Sa

Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA

Paper No. IMECE2011-63815, pp. 539-546; 8 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


The introduction of hydrogen as an energy carrier for light-duty vehicles involves concomitant technological development of an array of infrastructure elements, such as production, delivery, and dispensing, all associated with energy consumption and emission levels. To analyze these at a system level, the suite of corresponding models developed by the United States Department of Energy and involving several national laboratories is combined in one macro-system model (MSM). The MSM uses a federated simulation framework for consistent data transfer between the component models. The framework is built to suit cross-model as well as cross-platform data exchange and involves features of “over-the-net” computation. While the MSM can address numerous hydrogen systems analysis aspects, of particular interest is the optimal deployment scenario. Depending on user-defined geographic location and hydrogen demand curve parameters, the cost-optimal succession of production/delivery/dispensing pathways undergo significant changes (the most important of these being the transition between distributed and central H2 production with delivery). Some ‘tipping’ (break-even) points are identified.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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