Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Numerical Model for Storage Systems Based on Phase-Change Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Adriano Sciacovelli, Vittorio Verda, Francesco Colella

Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Paper No. IMECE2011-65393, pp. 237-245; 9 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Combustion Science and Engineering; Nanoengineering for Energy, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5490-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


Phase-change materials (PCM) are particularly promising for thermal storage in various energy plants as solar plants, district heating, heat pumps, etc. mainly because of the possibility to reduce the volume of storage tanks, but also because the problems related with thermal stratification are considerably reduced. On the other hand, research is necessary in order to address technical problems, mainly related to the heat transfer in the medium, which needs to be enhanced in order to achieve reasonable charging and discharging processes. The present paper describes the application of computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) for the analysis of PCM thermal storage systems. The numerical analysis is directed at understanding the role of buoyancy-driven convection during constrained solidification and melting inside a shell-and-tube geometry. The 2D model is based on a finite-volume numerical procedure that adopts the enthalpy method to take in account the phase change phenomenon. The time-dependent simulations show the melting phase front and melting fraction of the PCM and incorporate the fluid flow in the liquid phase. The obtained temperature profiles are compared to a set of experimental data available in the literature. The results show that during the melting process natural convection within the PCM has non negligible effects on the behavior of the system. The numerical simulations of the solidification process show that the increasing solid fraction of the PCM inhibits the buoyancy in the remaining liquid portion of the phase-change-material. Furthermore, the paper discusses the effects on the phase-change processes of the main operating conditions, including inlet temperature and mass flow rate of the heat transfer fluid.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In