0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Smart Fasteners and Their Application in Flanged Joints

[+] Author Affiliations
Babak Eslami, Randy Ganye, Chandrasekhar Thamire

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Chris Bunai

Stress Indicators, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD

Paper No. IMECE2011-64214, pp. 707-714; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-64214
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5489-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Fasteners are widely used in many industrial applications. Their function in many cases is to provide a leak-proof joint at the flange interface. To accomplish this function, fasteners must be clamped with appropriate force. In practice, it is difficult to measure such forces, intermittently or continuously. While measurement using load cells or strain gages is an available option, it tends to be expensive or infeasible due to the constraints imposed by the application. When tightening the fasteners initially or during maintenance, a less accurate method of specifying the bolt-tightening torque for achieving the necessary bolt force is widely followed in industry. These torque values are calculated using published design correlations [1]. Many factors affect such calculations: friction between the threads and collar and flange, age of the fasteners, assumptions about rigidity of the clamped components, being a few among those. Since specific values applicable for individual application are not always be known, fasteners are often over-tightened, resulting in increased stresses in the assembly elements or under tightened, resulting in leakages at the flange interfaces. In the current paper, we introduce the concept of smart fasteners that can visually indicate the tension they are subjected to, and validate it for a widely used industrial fastener size. Results from numerical and experimental studies conducted are presented for UNC 1/2 -13 × 4 1/4″ smart fasteners. Lastly, relationship between bolt-tightening torque and color intensity of the smart fasteners is provided.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Fasteners

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In