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Viscoelastic Abrasive Waterjet

[+] Author Affiliations
Nariman Ashrafi

Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2011-63051, pp. 677-681; 5 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5489-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


Effect of addition of viscoelastic additive on the stability and precision enhancement of the abrasive waterjet is studied. Cornstarch is chosen to be added to the mixture of water and abrasive for it is readily available in large quantities at low cost. Yet it shows major nonlinear properties valuable for waterjet machining. It is shown that the normal stresses developed in the nonlinear viscoelastic cornstarch remains substantially unchanged throughout effective jet length resulting in an almost completely prismatic jet, most desirable for precision and straight machining. Furthermore, the jet becomes more stable upon increasing the cornstarch percentage. The additive also causes the jet to produce less friction with the surrounding air avoiding possible jet disintegration. Clearly, due to the increase of elastic as well as viscous effects, there is restriction to the pump delivery upon adding the dilatant cornstarch. Different percentages of the additive are therefore examined. It is found that, a 22% additive results in the best performance based on the precision, available pump power and stability of the jet. The experiment was carried out on three products; marble, aluminum and glass. In all cases, kerf angle was reduced significantly. Simulation of the problem is in good agreement with the experimental observations.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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