0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Bending and Impact Properties of Biaxial Weft Knitted Composites

[+] Author Affiliations
Ö. Demircan, A. R. Torun, A. Nakai, H. Hamada

Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto, Japan

T. Kosui

Shima Seiki Mfg., Ltd., Wakayama, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2011-64964, pp. 223-231; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-64964
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5489-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

In order to improve the mechanical properties of weft knitted fabric, straight yarns both in weft and warp directions can be integrated. These types of reinforcements are called biaxial weft knitted structures. Biaxial weft knitted fabrics include weft and warp yarn layers, which are held together by a stitching yarn system. Reinforcing yarns, e.g. glass or aramid fibers, can be used within all yarn systems. They provide necessary strength and stiffness of the fabric [1]. The present work concentrates on the mechanical properties of biaxial weft knitted composites. Mainly the effect of stitch yarn type such as aramid, glass and nylon and biaxial, warp and weft, yarn type such as aramid and glass were investigated. Six plies composite panels were fabricated by hand lay-up lamination method. Volume fraction (Vf ) of all composites were kept constant. After production of composites, bending and impact tests had been conducted. GF-GF-NY composites exhibited superior flexural property than other tested composites. It was found that GF-GF-AR composites have higher impact properties (total energy and maximum load) than other tested composites. Better mechanical properties can be achieved by using aramid stitch yarn with combination glass warp and glass weft yarns. A better interfacial bonding of aramid stitch yarn seemed to be cause of this result. After impact test, fracture aspects of reverse side of weft knitted composites were analyzed. The crack propagation was explained by visual inspection. Moreover, impact damage for tested materials was evaluated by cross-sectional observations. For the better understanding of the fracture behavior, schematic drawings of all kind of specimens were drawn. To analyze the damage behavior of tested specimens, the damage lengths were measured. By this observation, the tendency between impact energy and crack length was showed.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In