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Effect of Structural Design Parameters on Wafer Level CSP Ball Shear Strength and Their Influence on Accelerated Thermal Cycling Reliability

[+] Author Affiliations
Nikhil Lakhkar, Puligandla Viswanadham, Dereje Agonafer

University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX

Paper No. IMECE2009-11832, pp. 239-249; 11 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Electronics and Photonics
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4378-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Ball shear testing is typically conducted in Wafer level chip scale package (WLCSP) fabrication to estimate the strength of the solder ball attachment. Generally, the solder ball shear strength is dependent on the solder ball size, pad size, solder/pad interface treatment, reflow temperature and time. Solder ball strength is also a function of ram speed and height at which the ball is sheared with respect to the wafer. Recent investigations suggest that ball shear test is being used as an indicator for board level reliability of assemblies. In current market lead time for launching a new product is very short. Unfortunately, it takes several weeks to qualify a new product by board level qualification process. If there is a methodology through which one can predict the board level performance by extrapolating the wafer level test, it will save great amount of resources in testing and millions of dollars worth of testing time. In the first part of this study, we conducted a wafer level ball shear test. A DOE was created for varying wafer level structural parameters like solder ball size and type. Ball shear tests and Accelerated thermal cycling have similar failure signatures of compression on inner side and tension on outer side. Thus, for specific cases there is a possibility of correlating the two failure methodologies based on their failure signatures. Strain rate for ball shear test was determined based on shear speed and solder pad diameter. Strain rate for accelerated thermal cycling was determined based on difference in CTE between board and package. In this paper, results from ball shear test and accelerated thermal cycling are compared to find correlations for specific cases. The correlations derived from this study are statistical and empirical.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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