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CFD of Water Injection on Lift and Drag of a 2-D Hydrofoil With Cavitation

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohammad J. Izadi

Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

Paper No. FEDSM2009-78173, pp. 327-333; 7 pages
  • ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Vail, Colorado, USA, August 2–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4373-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3855-6
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Undesirable effects such as a decrease in lift and an increase in drag can be the result of the occurrence of cavitation on hydrofoils. The goal of this research is to investigate the effect of water injection on the lift and drag coefficient of a 2-D hydrofoil. An unsteady uniform flow of water over a NACA hydrofoil (2D) is numerically simulated. For the numerical simulation of a cavitating flow, a bubble dynamics cavitation model is used to describe the generation and evaporation of the vapor phase. The RNG k-ε turbulence model is used as a turbulence model. To simulate the cloud cavitation, a modification to the turbulent viscosity which is necessary, is implemented. This simulation is done for various angles of attack and different injection velocities. Comparison between experimental data and the numerical simulation obtained here is done to validate the numerical results. The results presented here show that, as the mass flow of the water injection increases, the lift coefficient decreases for all angles of attack but the rate of this decrease decreases for higher angles of attack. As the mass flow rate increases, the drag coefficient increases more for small angles of attack and decrease for larger angles of attack.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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