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Teaching How to Use the CFD Approach by an Example: Hydrodynamics Within a Passenger Car Compartment in Motion

[+] Author Affiliations
Geanette Polanco, Nelson García, Luis Rojas

Simón Bolívar University, Caracas, Venezuela

Paper No. FEDSM2009-78014, pp. 251-257; 7 pages
  • ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Vail, Colorado, USA, August 2–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4373-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3855-6
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


The CDF methodology is applied to the study of the air flow around a 2-D car and its interaction with the cabin internal air. The flow visualization or computational works enable engineers to calculate different car characteristics like drag coefficient, external and internal air flow patterns, etc. Therefore, the teaching of this approach to student is a very important task to take into account in the formation process of new engineers. This work shows the numerical simulation of a specific passenger car compartment configuration solving the Navier-Stokes equations along with the k-e turbulence model using the finite volume method. The indoor air flow is produced by the interaction between the cabin inner air with the external flow through two glass windows (one in the front seat and one in the back seat). This configuration represents a common situation for the passenger car compartment. The study covers two different car speeds, 50 and 100 km/h. The flow field is studied in both steady state and transient conditions with time step of 0.01 s, for both car speeds, 50 km/h and 100 km/h. The different steps of the CFD work are commented to show to the reader the distinct states that must be cover in this kind of work. As results of the detailed methodology followed, the influence of the domain size on the flow fields is highlighted, the requirement of a better mesh quality is exposed and flow field results are analyzed using two different forms of graphic representations. The results show the physics behavior of the flow and the presence of flow structures, as for instance, indoor air recirculation zones delimited by internal seats, as well as, the vortex presence at the back of the cabin.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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