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Bubble Effects on the Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) Measurements

[+] Author Affiliations
Amir Hossein Birjandi, Eric Bibeau

University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM2009-78251, pp. 27-32; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2009-78251
From:
  • ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Vail, Colorado, USA, August 2–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4373-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3855-6
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) is a useful technique for measuring flow velocities with frequency variations of up to approximately 200 Hz in laboratory settings and in field applications. Although measuring velocity with ADV has advantages over other velocity measurement methods, this technique is sensitive to operating conditions: in addition to noise, the signal can contain spikes with large amplitudes, a disadvantage of ADV. In this study, the effect of bubbles on ADV signals is experimentally assessed in a laboratory setting. Bubbles can intersect the sampling volume and the acoustic beams creating spikes. The impact and amplitude of these spikes is a function of the bubble size and position when it crosses the ADV sampling volume and the acoustic beams. Bubbles that intersect the sampling volume generate spikes in all three velocity directions simultaneously; bubbles that intersect acoustic beams, which span between the sampling volume and the ADV receivers, impact the velocity data in one or two directions, and has a negligible effect in the third direction. Bubbles that intersect the X-direction acoustic beam create spikes in velocity data in both X- and Z-directions, but have no significant impact on the Y-direction; the Y- and X-directions have spikes and the Z-direction is not significantly impacted, when bubbles intersect the Y-direction acoustic beam. In addition, spikes increase the magnitude of the power spectra at high frequencies. Without bubbles, the autocorrelation in the time domain decreases in value as the time-lag increases, approaching zero after 5 seconds. The presences of bubbles cause a large peak in the autocorrelation at a zero time-lag, and no autocorrelation thereafter. Furthermore, the autocorrelation without bubbles permit turbulence length scales to be calculated because of the positive autocorrelation value; unless spikes are removed by using an appropriate filter when bubbles are present, turbulence length scales cannot be calculated because the autocorrelation is zero.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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