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High Frequency AC Electrospraying of Dielectric Liquids

[+] Author Affiliations
Leslie Y. Yeo, Dimitri Lastochkin, Hsueh-Chia Chang

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN

Paper No. ICMM2004-2404, pp. 723-730; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • ASME 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Rochester, New York, USA, June 17–19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4164-2
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A new high-frequency (> 10 kHz) AC electrospray phenomenon which behaves distinctly to DC electrosprays is investigated. Unlike DC electrosprays, the drops do not emanate from the usual well-defined Taylor cone-jet and carry no net charge. Instead, the meniscus vibrates at a resonant frequency associated with its capillary-inertia vibration time, periodically ejecting drops with dimensions of order 10 μm under the action of the Maxwell-Wagner electric stress at the meniscus tip. Above a crossover frequency, the polarization and direction of the Maxwell force reverses and an apparent electrowetting effect is observed. A simple lubrication model is used to generate spatio-temporal evolution profiles for the stretched liquid meniscus tip as a function of the Maxwell-Wagner stress and a capillary number. From a self-similar scaling technique, the meniscus is shown to advance as t1/2 .

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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