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Flow and Heat Transfer in a Simple Minichannel System Involving Two Straight Sections Separated by a 180° Bend

[+] Author Affiliations
Patrick H. Oosthuizen

Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. ICMM2004-2332, pp. 173-182; 10 pages
  • ASME 2004 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • ASME 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Rochester, New York, USA, June 17–19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4164-2
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


Steady, incompressible flow through a basic minichannel system has been considered. Slip at the wall has been assumed to be negligible. The channel has a rectangular cross-section. The flow enters the channel with a uniform velocity and temperature and passes through a straight channel section that has a length that is 30 times the width of the channel. The flow then passes around a 180° bend. Following the bend, the flow passes down another straight channel which also has a length of 30 times the size of the channel. A uniform heat flux is applied over the entire surface of the duct. The flow geometry does not represent any that is likely to occur in minichannel system applications but is adequate for the evaluation of the assumptions often adopted regarding pressure losses, flow development lengths and heat transfer rates in the preliminary design real such systems. The governing equations have been written in dimensionless form and solutions to these equations have obtained using a commercial finite-element software package, FIDAP. The solution has the following parameters: the Reynolds number, Re, the Prandtl number, Pr, the dimensionless height-to-width ratio of the channel H = h / w, and the dimensionless radius of the bend Ri = ri / w. Here w is the width of the channel, h is the height of the channel and ri is the radius of the inside surface of the bend. Results are only presented for P r = 0.7 and Ri = 1. Re values between 10 and 500 and H values between 0.5 and 2 have been considered.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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