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Boiling and Two-Phase Flow in Channels With Extremely Small Dimensions: Review of Japanese Research

[+] Author Affiliations
Haruhiko Ohta

Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Paper No. ICMM2004-2324, pp. 97-108; 12 pages
  • ASME 2004 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • ASME 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Rochester, New York, USA, June 17–19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4164-2
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


Researches concerning micro actuators utilizing vapor-liquid interfacial phenomena are extensively investigated to develop thermal devices applied to micro machines. On the other hand, the application of two-phase flow is useful for the removal of waste heat from the semiconductor chips with highly increased heat generation density to be integrated in notebook PCs. In the present paper, the latest Japanese research on boiling and two-phase flow in mini channels is reviewed covering those for the fundamental phenomena and practical applications. Boiling in a narrow channel between parallel plates is an ideal system for the development of the high-performance heat exchangers with extremely small sizes. The promising approaches to increasing the critical heat flux are introduced those by the present author to compensate the disadvantage inherent in this system.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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